Australia is a beautiful country, but it also faces many natural hazards that can cause power outages. Bushfires, storms, floods, cyclones, and heatwaves can all damage power infrastructure and disrupt electricity supply. Power outages can affect essential services, communication, food safety, and health. It is crucial to be well-prepared to make sure that you and your family are safe and comfortable during these disruptions. Here are the common causes and some tips on how to prepare for power outages and emergencies in Australia.


Australia’s power grid is divided into several interconnected networks that serve different regions of the country. While the power supply is generally reliable, it can be disrupted by various factors, such as:

1. Severe weather events such as cyclones, floods, hurricanes, and bushfires.
2. Infrastructure failures such as aging infrastructure, equipment flaws, or human mistakes.
3. Heatwaves or extreme heat from the sun can strain power grids by increasing electricity demand, resulting in outages.
4. Maintenance and upgrades also cause power outages and are typically communicated in advance.
5. Wildlife interference where animals, particularly birds and possums, can short-circuit and harm equipment.



Making an emergency plan is the first step on how to prepare for a power outage. Your plan should cover:

– What to include in your emergency kit.
– How to contact your family members and friends in an emergency.
– How to access important information and documents, such as insurance policies, bank accounts, and medical records.
– How to evacuate your home or workplace if necessary.
– How to care for your pets and livestock during an outage.
– How to cope with special needs, such as medical equipment, refrigerated medication, or disability assistance.


Every home should prepare an emergency kit in case of a power loss. This kit should include:

– Flashlights and extra batteries: Make sure you have enough flashlights and extra batteries to last through the blackout.

– Candles and matches: You can use candles as an alternative light source, but exercise caution when using open flames.

– Portable chargers: To ensure that your mobile devices are connected during blackouts, have portable chargers on hand.

– Non-perishable food and water: Stock up on canned food, dry goods, and bottled water that can last your family for several days.

– Blankets and warm clothing: It’s important to have blankets and warm clothes in case the outage happens in the winter.

– First aid kit: Include basic medical supplies including bandages, antiseptic, and any prescription medicine you may need.


If you rely on electricity for critical needs, such as medical equipment, refrigerated medication, or heating and cooling, you may want to consider investing in backup power sources. These can include:

– Generators: Generators can provide temporary power to your home or business during an outage. However, they can also pose safety risks if not used properly. You should always follow the manufacturer’s instructions, use appropriate extension cords, and keep generators away from flammable materials and open windows or doors.

– Solar panels and batteries: Solar panels can generate electricity from sunlight, while batteries can store excess energy for later use. These can provide a renewable and reliable source of power during an outage. However, they can also be expensive and require regular maintenance.

– Power banks: Power banks are portable devices that can charge your mobile devices during an outage. They are relatively cheap and easy to use, but they have limited capacity and may not last long.


During a power outage, it is important to stay informed of the situation and any updates from the authorities. You can do this by:

– Listening to a battery-powered radio or a car radio for news and weather reports.
– Calling your electricity provider or checking their website or social media for information on the cause and duration of the outage.
– Checking in with your neighbours or community members to share information and offer assistance.


Power outages can damage your appliances or cause electrical hazards. To protect your appliances, you should:

– Unplug sensitive electrical appliances such as televisions, computers, and microwaves before or as soon as the power goes out.
– Turn off electric ovens and stovetops to prevent fire risks when the power comes back on.
– Keep one light switch on so you know when the power returns.
– Use surge protectors or power boards with built-in circuit breakers to prevent power surges.


Some power outages can last for several hours or days, depending on the severity of the damage and the availability of resources. To prepare for prolonged outages, you should:

– Conserve your food and water supplies by eating perishable food first and limiting water use.

– Keep your fridge and freezer doors closed as much as possible to prevent food spoilage. According to the Australian Institute of food Safety, food can last up to four hours in the fridge and 48 hours in the freezer.
– Stay cool or warm by dressing appropriately, using fans or heaters powered by batteries or generators, and avoiding extreme temperatures.
– Stay safe by avoiding fallen power lines, checking on vulnerable people, and seeking medical attention if needed.

Power outages in Australia are unpredictable and can happen at any time. By following these tips, you can prepare for power outages and emergencies and lessen their impact on your life.


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SourcesABC Emergency | Emergency Prepare | ExpertEasy | Energy Made Easy | Ausgrid | Australian Institute of Food Safety